A motorcycle will usually only run with a choke on it for several reasons. However, it is not hard to identify and fix any problems yourself. This article will discuss the reasons why your motorcycle can only run with a choke on and how to fix any related problems.
- Table of Contents
- 1. What is a Motorcycle Choke?
- 2. When Does a Motorcycle Only Run with a Choke On?
- 3. Reasons Why a Motorcycle Only Runs with a Choke On
- 4. How to Fix These Issues
- 5. What Happens if You Ride a Bike with a Choke On?
- 6. Last Words
1. What is a Motorcycle Choke?
A choke is a valve that maintains airflow in the carburetor of a motorcycle engine. It can help extend an engine’s lifespan by ensuring appropriate fuel-air mixtures to keep the motorbike running properly.
A fuel-air mixture enters the carburetor and propels the motorbike forward. However, any blockage will prevent the fuel-air mixture from entering the carburetor properly, causing the motorcycle to stall.
2. When Does a Motorcycle Only Run with a Choke On?
A motorcycle will only run with a choke if dirt is trapped in the carburetor parts, including the petcock, pilot jets, fuel filters, and fuel lines. The dirt blocks the fuel channels, preventing the fuel-air mixture from reaching the carburetor. The motorcycle will not move forward until the choke is on.
As you turn the choke on, the fuel-air mixture will resume traveling into the carburetor. Although it does not damage any motorcycle parts or reduce performance, it will result in higher fuel consumption. Instead of continuing to ride your motorcycle with the choke on, try to address any issues as soon as possible.
3. Reasons Why a Motorcycle Only Runs with a Choke On
3.1 Air Flow
A fuel-air mixture must be balanced to ensure the engine operates smoothly. A motorcycle will not start if the engine doesn’t receive adequate airflow. A common reason why airflow is blocked is because dirt accumulates in the carburetor and air filters. Riding a motorcycle with the choke on will allow proper airflow in the carburetor. It is recommended you thoroughly inspect and clean the air filter.
3.2 Fuel Flow
Proper fuel flow is as crucial as proper airflow. If any carburetor parts become clogged by dust, dirt, or other contaminants, this can prevent fuel from entering the carburetor. If fuel flow is interrupted, riding with the choke on will allow fuel to continue traveling into the carburetor. Cleaning carburetor parts will help improve fuel flow without the use of a choke.
3.3 Vacuum Leaks
If there is a vacuum leak on the carburetor or between the engine intake manifold and carburetor, more air will be sucked in and cause an imbalance in the fuel-air mixture delivered to the carburetor. This will cause your bike’s performance to suffer due to the leaner fuel-air mixture until the choke is engaged.
3.4 Dirty Jets
If the carburetor jets become dirty, not enough fuel will pass through the small hole in the pilot jet, resulting in a lean fuel-air mixture. When the choke is on, more fuel will be consumed to try and rectify the uneven fuel-air mixture.
3.5 Incorrectly Tuned
If you buy a used motorcycle that fails to run even with a choke on, it could be because the carburetor is incorrectly tuned. The size of the holes on the carburetor's main and pilot jets affect the fuel-air mixture at different altitudes. Keep in mind that there is less air at higher altitudes. You will need to adjust the carburetor accordingly based on the altitude.
4. How to Fix These Issues
4.1 Clean the Carburetor
Any dirt trapped in the carburetor can cause the engine to malfunction. Make sure to clean the air filter regularly and replace it immediately if it becomes damaged.
Make sure to also drain the carburetor of old fuel during long periods of disuse or during the winter. To drain any fuel in the carb float bowl, close the petcock and start the engine until it shuts off by itself.
Look out for any potential issues with the carburetor, including clogged pilot jets, debris in the petcock, clogged fuel lines, and filthy fuel filters.
If there are issues with the carburetor, it may need to be removed to make it easier to examine it from every angle.
Here are some tips to keep in mind when you clean the carburetor:
- Before disassembly, check the model and manufacturer of your motorbike and carburetor.
- Keep the correct carburetor kit on hand for cleaning and reassembly.
- Organize the nuts and bolts neatly.
- Clean every part with a carburetor solution and an air hose.
- During reassembly, adjust the pilot jet first.
4.2 Fix Any Air Leaks
To fix an air leak, you must locate where the leak is coming from. Spray fluid on the engine air intake boot, the frame air intake boot, the carburetor air intake boot, and the vacuum lines.
If the leak is between the engine and the air intake boot, consider tightening the hose clamp or bolt. Turn on the motorcycle afterward to check if the leak is fixed.
If the leak is coming from the frame air intake boot, you must replace it. Don’t bother trying to make repairs by welding any cracks.
If the leak is coming from the carburetor air intake boot, tighten the clamp. If there is a crack, you will need to replace it.
If the vacuum lines are leaking, it is easier to replace them. If the vacuum hose is faulty, repairs will only cost 50 cents. Bring the damaged hose to your local auto parts store, where you will get a new piece with the same inner diameter.
5. What Happens if You Ride a Bike with a Choke On?
Short-term use of the choke won't damage the engine, but if the fuel-air ratio is too high, it might clog the spark plugs. You should not ride for extended periods with the choke on. The solvents in the rich mixture may cause the cylinder walls to become worn down and cause the engine oil to burn.
6. Last Words
If your motorcycle is not running correctly, you may have to keep the choke on to ensure it can operate when on the road. This may be due to your motorcycle not getting enough fuel due to clogged or dirty fuel lines, pilot jets, petcock, fuel filters, and air filters. You can improve your motorcycle's look and storage capacity by installing new Saddlebags, Sissy Bar Bags, Tank Bags, handlebars, fairings, seats, crash bars, luggage racks, and sissy bars.